Geschichte Ost- und Südosteuropas
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Movements against industrial pollution of the environment in the late Russian Empire (1870–1917)
Industrial pollution of the environment is one of the most important ecological problems of the modern world, as well as one of actual subjects in environmental history. In Western Europe, this phenomenon became a part of the national agenda already in the middle of 19th century. At that time, the pollution of water, air, and soil with toxic waste of mineral origin was a relatively new and insufficiently studied phenomenon that gave rise to an ambiguous reaction of society. Officials, experts, society representatives, factory owners had to decide whether a compromise between the economic interests and the right of citizens to a clean environment is possible, what level of environmental pollution can be recognized as acceptable, and which methods of control on it are most effective. This dialogue between government and different social groups formed foundations for a new environmental policy of the industrialized countries.
Among European historians, interest in the outlined subject appeared already in the 1960s, on the eve of the emergence of environmental history, and remains high. However, the Russian Empire is still unexplored from this point of view. At the same time, Russia possessed great industrial potential and had significant influence on the development of world science and technology. Hereby, my research project will aim to describe 1) what were the main features of industrial pollution in the Russian Empire, 2) how did the Russian state interact with different social groups in conflict situations caused by air and water pollution by industrial enterprises, and 3) how did the pollution of the environment influence the formation and the specific features of Russian environmental policy. Answers to these research questions can be found trough number of cases, when environmental harm caused by plants and factories attracted attention of a wider public. The most promising among them are conflicts between citizens and owners of textile plants in the city of Lodz (1880-1897), Morozovs’ Textile Manufactory in Tver (1880-1917) and a chemical plant of “Ushkov and Co.” Association in Kazan (1893-1917).
Born 1989 in the city of Elabuga, Tatarstan, Russia. In 2013, he earned the degree of candidate of historical sciences in the Institute of History of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. His main research interest is the environmental history of industrial development of the Russian Empire in the 19th – early 20th century. Since 2011, he has been employed as an assistant professor and senior lecturer at Kazan Federal University, and in 2018 affiliated as a PhD student at the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, Munich.
Funktionen und Mitgliedschaften
Member of the European Society for Environmental History.
Andrei Vinogradov, Stanislav Petriashin, Chemical Industry, the Environment, and Russian Provincial Society: The Case of the Kokshan Chemical Works (1850–1925). In: Ambix, 65 (1), 2018. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00026980.2018.1451451
Kazanski zavod Tovarischestva “Ushkov I Ko”: vliyanie na okruzhayuschuyu sredu I zdorovie naseleniya (konec XIX – nachalo XX vv.) [The Kazan “Ushkov and Co.” Partnership’s plant: the impact on the environment and population health (late 19th – early 20th centuries)]. In: Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye Nauki [Kazan University scholarly notes. A series of humanities], 155 (3), 2013, p. 87-92 (in Russian).
Sanitarny kontrol’ nad promyshlennymi predpriyatiyami Kazanskoi gubernii v konce XIX – nachale XX v. [Sanitary control on industrial enterprises of Kazan province in the 19th – early 20th centuries]. In: Philology and Culture 3 (33), 2013, p. 236-39 (in Russian).
Obshchestvennoe dvizhenie protiv khimicheskogo sagriazneniia okruzhayushchei sredy: instoricheskii opyt Pendlona i Kazani (1846-1917) [Social movements against chemical pollution of the environment: cases of Pendleton and Kazan (1846-1917)]. In: Vestnik Udmurtskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Udmurtia State University], 28 (1), 2018, p. 23-32.
Provincial’noe lesnoe khozyaistvo v epohu promyshlennogo perevorota: sluchai Kazanskoi gubernii [Provincial forestry in the times of the Industrial Revolution: the example of Kazan province]. In: Vestnik Surgutskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Surgut State Pedagogical University], 6 (45), 2016, p. 22-6 (in Russian).
Environmental history in Russia: stages of development and promising research directions. In: Environment and History, 21, 2015, p. 313-16.
Industry, environment and society in Kazan' province at the Industrial Revolution era. In: Technology in the times of transition. 41st ICOHTEC symposium (Brasov, 2014), p. 119-24.
Andrei Vinogradov, Stanislav Petriashin, Tradicionnoe ecologicheskoe soznanie v processe proletarizacii: preemstvennost’ I novacii (na primere Kokshanskogo khimicheskogo zavoda) [Traditional environmental consciousness in the process of proletarization: continuity and innovations (on the example of Kokshan chemical plant)]. In: Environmental history in Russia: stages of development and promising research directions (Elabuga, 2014), p. 271-92 (in Russian).