Geschichte Osteuropas und Südosteuropas
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CV, Research summary and current projects, Publications

Dr Anna Veronika Wendland

Born 1966 in Remscheid, Germany. 1985-1993 university studies in Eastern and East Central European History, Political science, and Slavic languages in Cologne and Kiev, Ukraine. M.A. in 1993, Ph. D. in 1998. 1997-2003 researcher and lecturer in Leipzig (Geisteswissenschaftliches Zentrum für Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas; Universität Leipzig). From 1994 to 2001 several longtime research stays in Eastern and Central Eastern Europe (Lviv, Kiev, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Vienna). Since 2006 researcher at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Dept. of History, in Munich. 

Research summary and current projects

My principal research interests are in four areas, covering a chronological range from the 1770ies to the mid-20th century. The first is the study of nationalism and the social and cultural history of national movements in East Central and Eastern Europe. Publications refer to areas in the former multi-national empires which dominated the region, i.e. Austria-Hungary and Russia respectively Poland, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia of today. Trained by one of the leading scholars in this field, Andreas Kappeler, I published my Ph.D. dissertation on the Ukrainian Russophile movement in Eastern Galicia (1848-1915). The conservative and panslavist Russophiles were of great importance for the social and political mobilization of the Ukrainian peasantry and city populace in Polish-dominated Austrian Galicia. They represented the first stage of Ukrainian national mobilization until the ascension of modern populist orientations. At the same time, Russophilism developed from a provincial social phenomenon to a source of conflict in Austrian-Russian foreign relations. Since its significance is marginalized in the traditional Ukranian national “master” narrative, my work presents a revisionist view on Ukrainian history in a region (today’s Western Ukraine) currently known as thé stronghold of the anti-Russian Ukrainian national movement. In its trans-disciplinary approach, the study combines established research methods (as the analysis of governmental records, of the party press, or the social composition of the movement) with innovative ones (approaches derived from ethnology, biographical methods).

The research into Austrian Galicia stimulated my interest in two other fields, the regional and urban history of Eastern Central Europe. In Leipzig, I conceptualized a comparative research project on urban identity and national integration in two multi-cultural big cities in the end-19th and 20th century (1890-1960). Lemberg-Lwów-Lviv and Wilno-Vilnius, now belonging to Ukraine resp. Lithuania, were situated in the Eastern borderlands of historical Poland. They became regional capitals within Austria-Hungary and Imperial Russia after the Partitions in the end-18th century. Since approximately 1830, they developed into centres of different, increasingly antagonistic political movements which shaped the history of the region until WW II:  The Polish, Ukrainian, and Lithuanian national movements, Zionism, and Socialism respectively Jewish Bundism.

Urban societies, everyday life, and urban public culture in the two cities during centuries had been shaped by the experience of cultural, lingual, and religious diversity, and by pre-modern patterns of mutual tolerance and pre-national (estate resp. imperial) governance. Since 1850, they began to transform rapidly under the impact of city growth, democratization, and national mobilization. The experience of the Great War and the incorporation into the newly established Polish national state accelerated this transformation process. Urban and national identities would coexist, or confront each other, the latter increasingly being incorporated into, manipulated, or substituted by the further. Why, and how this process developed, which was the role of local activists and higher authorities in it; what impact this transformation had on the mental mapping of and the internal discourses on “contested” cities and, last not least, which were the effects of War, Civil War, foreign occupation, mass extinction, “ethnic cleansing” and eventually, of integration into the Soviet system on cities and city culture – these are central questions already examined in several articles. Currently, I am preparing a monography on the subject: “Urbanity in Eastern Europe in the Age of Extremes: Lviv and Vilnius, 1890-1960”. Sources include autobiographical materials, contemporary literature on the cities, city and regional authority records, the local press, tourist’s guides, visual sources, and maps. The latter sources refer to city topography and urban lieux de memoire which were increasingly used in nationalist mobilization and counter-mobilization (by competing nationalisms, or anti-nationalist groups), especially after 1918.

Moreover, my research on the two cities has always taken into account the broader framework of the regions the cities are situated in, i.e. Galicia and historical Lithuania (i.e. the former Grand principality of Lithuania) respectively South-Eastern Poland and the Wilno region which are situated both in the “shattering zone” of empires and on ancient European cultural borderlines respectively crossroads (Roman Catholic / Orthodox / Jewish, Baltic / Slavic / German). 

The fourth field of interest developed more recently and is equally inspired by the study of nationalism and of the role of cities in national myths and patriotic narratives. It is the history of ideas and of historiography in Eastern and East Central Europe, encompassing questions such as the transfer of ideas, the history of migration and transnational communication. My Munich based research project focuses on the role of the “European idea” in Eastern European nationbuilding and within communication processes between Western and Eastern Europeans. It concentrates on the example of Ukraine, but it is also related to the area of the Eastern Central European members of the European Union, covering the entire 20th century.    

Recent publications

Books

  • Die Russophilen in Galizien. Ukrainische Konservative zwischen Österreich und Rußland, 1848 – 1915 (Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2001).
  • (with Andreas R. Hofmann, eds.) Stadt und Öffentlichkeit in Ostmitteleuropa. Beiträge zur Entstehung moderner Urbanität zwischen Berlin, Charkiv, Tallinn und Triest (Stuttgart: Steiner, 2002.
  • Wie wir die Karten lesen: Osteuropäische Fragen an Europäische Geschichte und Europäische Einigung. Zwei Essays (München: forost, 2007).

Articles and chapters

  • „Europa“ zivilisiert den „Osten“: Stadthygienische Interventionen, Wohnen und Konsum in Wilna und Lemberg, 1900-1930, in: Alena Janatková and Hanna Kozińska-Witt, eds., Wohnen in der Großstadt 1900-1939. Wohnsituation und Modernisierung im europäischen Vergleich (Stuttgart: Steiner, 2006), pp. 271-295.
  • Galizien: Westen des Ostens, Osten des Westens. Annäherung an eine ukrainische Grenzlandschaft, in: Österreichische Osthefte 42 (2000),  H. 3/4, pp. 389-421.
  • Kulturelle, nationale und urbane Identitäten in Wilna (1918-1939): Ansätze und Fragestellungen auf dem Weg zu einer integrierten Stadtgeschichte, in: Marina Dmitrieva and Heidemarie Petersen, eds., Jüdische Kultur(en) im Neuen Europa. Wilna 1918-1939, (Wiesbaden: Harassowitz, 2004), pp. 13-33.
  • Leben und gelebt werden. Die „Erinnerungen“ der Leibeigenen Avdot’ja Chruščova, in: Julia Herzberg / Christoph Schmidt (Hrsg.): Vom Wir zum Ich. Individuum und Autobiographik im Zarenreich (= Kölner Historische Abhandlungen Bd. 44), (Köln: Böhlau, 2007), 177-208.
  • Nachbarn als Verräter: Nationalisierungsprozesse, Erinnerungspolitik und städtische Öffentlichkeiten in Lemberg (1914-1939), in: Stadt und Öffentlichkeit in Ostmitteleuropa (see above: Books Nr. 2), pp. 149-169. 
  • Neighbors as Betrayers. Nationalization, Remembrance Policy, and the Urban Public Sphere in Lviv, in: Christopher Hann and Paul Robert Magocsi, eds., Galicia. A Multicultured Land, Toronto-London: University of Toronto Press, 2005, pp. 139-159 [= modified English version of Wendland (2002)].
  • Post-Austrian Lemberg: War Commemoration, Inter-Ethnic Relations, and Urban Identity 1918-1939, in: Austrian History Yearbook 34 (2003), pp. 82-103.
  • Region ohne Nationalität, Kapitale ohne Volk: Das Wilna-Gebiet als Gegenstand polnischer und litauischer nationaler Integrationsprojekte (1900-1940), in: Comparativ. Leipziger Beiträge zur Universalgeschichte und vergleichenden Gesellschaftsforschung 15:2 (2005), pp. 77-100.
  • Die Rückkehr der Russophilen in die ukrainische Geschichte: Neue Aspekte der ukrainischen Nationsbildung in Galizien, 1848-1914, in: Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas 49 (2001), 178-199.
  • Semper fidelis: Lwów jako mit narodowy Polaków i Ukraińców, 1867-1939 [Semper fidelis: Lwów as a national myth of Poles and Ukrainians], in: Kazimierz Karolczak and Henryk W. Żaliński, eds., Lwów: Miasto-społeczeństwo-kultura, vol. 4, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Pedagogicznej (2002), pp. 263-273.
  • (with Andreas R. Hofmann) Stadt und Öffentlichkeit in Ostmitteleuropa 1900-1939, in: Informationen zur modernen Stadtgeschichte (2000), H. 2, 28-33. 
  • (with Andreas R. Hofmann) Stadt und Öffentlichkeit: Auf der Suche nach einem neuen Konzept in der Geschichte Ostmitteleuropas, in: Stadt und Öffentlichkeit in Ostmitteleuropa (see above: Books Nr. 2), pp. 9-23.
  • Urbane Identität und nationale Integration in zwei Grenzland-Metropolen: Lemberg und Wilna, 1900-1930er Jahre. Vorstellung eines Forschungsprojektes, in: Hans-Werner Rautenberg, ed., Wanderungen und Kulturaustausch im östlichen Mitteleuropa. Forschungen zum ausgehenden Mittelalter und zur jüngeren Neuzeit (München: Oldenbourg, 2006), pp. 145-162.
  • Volksgeschichte im Baltikum? Historiographien zwischen nationaler Mobilisierung und wissenschaftlicher Innovation in Estland, Lettland und Litauen (1919-1939), in: Manfred Hettling, ed., Volksgeschichten im Europa der Zwischenkriegszeit (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003), pp. 205-238.

Forthcoming:

  • The Russian Empire and its Western Borderlands: National Historiographies and their „Others“ in Russia, the Baltics, and Ukraine, in: Stefan Berger / Chris Lorenz (Eds.), The Nation and Its Other: Ethnicity, Religion, Class, and Gender (= Writing the Nation vol.3) (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).
  • Stadtgeschichtskulturen: Lemberg und Wilna als multiple Erinnerungsorte, in: Martin Aust u.a. (Hrsg.), Europäische Verflechtungen der Geschichtskulturen Polens (Stuttgart: Steiner, 2008).
  • Bei Euch in den Europas. Europäische Leitbilder in Osteuropa, in: Jürgen Elvers u.a. (Hrsg.), Leitbild Europa? (Bonn: 2008).
  • Randgeschichten? Osteuropäische Perspektiven auf Kulturtransfer und Verflechtungsgeschichte, in: Osteuropa Nr. 4 (2008).